sinh function


Martin McBride, 2020-09-10
Tags sinh
Categories hyperbolic functions pure mathematics

The sinh function is a hyperbolic function. It is also known as the hyperbolic sine function.

Equation and graph

The sinh function is defined as:

$$ \sinh{x} = \frac{e^{x}-e^{-x}}{2} $$

Here is a graph of the function:

sinh as average of two exponentials

The sinh function can be interpreted as the average of two functions, $e^{x}$ and $-e^{-x}$. This animation illustrates this:

Other forms of the equation

If we multiply the top and bottom of the original equation for the sinh function by $e^{x}$ we get:

$$ \sinh{x} = \frac{e^{2x}-1}{2e^{x}} $$

Alternatively, if we multiply the top and bottom of the original equation for the sinh function by $e^{-x}$ we get:

$$ \sinh{x} = \frac{1-e^{-2x}}{2e^{-x}} $$

These alternative forms are sometimes useful.

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